The festival represents good triumphing over bad. Goddess Durga is said to have battled the demon Mahishasur (who serves egoism) for nine days, the final day of which is known as Vijay Dashmi, when the demon was beheaded by her.
Ma Durga embodies love, wisdom, glory, and power. She bestows prosperity and bravery upon her devotees.
The household performing Navratri puja must perform Kalash Sthapana, or the installation of the sacred puja pot, on the first day of puja. Place the idol or image of Maa Durga on the altar and cover it with a red cloth. Place all of the puja products on a few plates and set them aside. Place the clay pot with soil near the altar and water it. In it, sow the barley seeds. The Ghat sthapana must be performed at the correct Muhurat, as determined by the panchaang. Pour Gangal jal or clean drinking water into the Kalash. Place the bunch of mango leaves at the Ghat’s mouth. Wrap the red cloth around the coconut and tie it with moil. Place it on the Kalash’s lid. The Ghat can be mounted on or near the clay pot, depending on your local custom.
Light the incense sticks and the candle. Invoke all the holy rivers in the Ghat and ask them to cleanse the puja site, the Ghat, and to stay in the Ghat for the nine days of the puja. Pray for the installation of all gods in the place of worship. Offer Panchopachaar to the deities invoked (this entails worshipping the deities with five materials: fragrance, herb, incense smoke, camphor light, and cooked dishes).
Havan is performed on the ninth day of the Navratri puja. The traditional puja is performed again on the ninth day. The ninth-day puja also contains graha shanti havan. Following the puja, invite a group of small girls to your home for a meal. Wash their feet with water as soon as they reach the house and give them a comfortable seat inside. Maa Durga is said to visit households in the form of these little girls to bless you. Serve them some delectable foods and treats that they will enjoy. Put Tilak on their foreheads after they’ve finished eating and offer them nice gifts.
Navratri is celebrated in the month of October or November according to the panchang.
The samgri list for Navratri kalash sthapana and visarjan puja is as follows:
- Clay pots
- Barley seeds
- Earthen diyas
- Incense sticks
- Ganga Jal
- Mango leaves
- Betel leaves
- Betel nuts